When riding a bike, you are not just accompanied by the sun, wind and fresh air, but also curiosity. After all, discovering and understanding is just as valuable as moving. While speeding down the Curonian Spit along the bicycle path, the series of small towns and various tourist sites will feel like discovering a trail of lost gems. You can start your journey from either Nida or Smiltynė, or start in the middle from Juodkrantė, Preila or Pervalka and go whichever way you would like. The length of the whole bicycle trail is 52 km. The distances between towns: Smiltynė – Juodkrantė: 21 km, Juodkrantė – Pervalka: 16.5 km., Pervalka – Preila: 5.5 km., Preila – Nida: 9 km. The bike path is not difficult, with a smooth, hard surface and no steep hills. There are resting places for short breaks along the trail. You can also refresh yourself by jumping into the water of the Baltic Sea at the beaches near the small towns. Enjoy pedaling along the bicycle path and learning about the Curonian Spit! The Lithuanian Sea Museum and Dolphinarium were built on a historical site – the fort at the end of the Curonian Spit. One of the most-visited museums in Lithuania invites you to learn about the mysterious world of water and visit its displays that are regularly enriched and maintained with care. Stretching along the entire Curonian Spit, the Protective Sand Dune Ridge is fulfilling its main, original purpose to this day – collecting the sand tossed to the shore by the waves of the sea and keeping it from moving further into the Spit. Bear’s Head Dune Viewpoint , which is 35 m. high, allows you to see the impressive landscape of Klaipėda on the far side of the lagoon, the sea, and the surrounding nature still recovering after a huge wildfire in 2006. The Sound Catcher is a device constructed in the old forest of Juodkrantė enhancing the surrounding sounds. Inside the catcher or by its narrow opening, you can enjoy the sounds of nature that are “captured” in the environment of the old forest. An Educational Dendrological Trail winds through the unique, ancient forest of Juodkrantė. Forest benches have been installed in especially impressive parts along the trail. The Lighthouse of Juodkrantė was built in 1953 on 53-meter-high Witch’s Hill (previously Bloksberg). The lighthouse’s tower is made of metal, square in shape, with the bottom constructed from openwork, and the top covered with light-colored boards. The height is 20 meters. Amber Bay is an artificially-formed port in the lagoon where amber was industrially mined from the lagoon floor by Juodkrantė in the second part of the 19 th century. Today, the bay is famous for its reed sculptures that are set up in the beginning of summer and fulfill their main role when they are set on fire at the celebration at the Autumn Equinox. The Liudvikas Rėza Cultural Center welcomes you to an all-year historical display, dedicated to the history of Juodkrantė and the prominent personality of Martin Ludwig Rhesa. Various exhibitions of Lithuanian and foreign artists, as well as different cultural events and celebrations, are regularly organized at the center. Stone Sculpture Park “Earth andWater” stretchesfor2.4km.onJuodkrantė’scoast along the lagoon. The park consists of 31 sculptures made by Lithuanian and foreign artists. Wooden Sculpture Exposition “Hill of Witches” is a sculpture trail created between 1979 and 1981 along the crest of the parabolic dunes. Eighty carved sculptures, introducing Lithuanian folk-culture and seaside legends, are exhibited here. It is the most popular tourist destination in Juodkrantė. Juodkrantė’s Evangelical Lutheran Church was built on the site of the old, burned-down church in 1885 according to designs of the famous architect Friedrich August Stüler. Today, the neo-gothic, red brick church building hosts Catholic as well as Lutheran services along with various cultural events. The Pamarys Gallery of the Lithuanian Art Museum hosts fine and applied art exhibitions and organizes educational events for families in the warmer part of the year. The Colony of Great Cormorants and Grey Herons is one of the oldest and largest in Lithuania. On the viewing platform, you can observe the life of this noisy colony. There are more than 2000 cormorant and about 500 grey heron nests in the area. The Viewpoint on Ram’s Hill is on Juodkrantė’s landscape reserve. It is on the southern edge of the parabolic dune complex. The sea, the lagoon, and Nagliai nature reserve stretching to the south can all be seen from the high ground of the hill. The Educational Trail in Nagliai Nature Reserve leads to the Grey Dunes that stretch for 9 km from Juodkrantė to Pervalka and hide the 4 former locations of Nagliai village. Here you can see the remnants of a centuries-old forest buried in the sand, and impressive washouts and hollows created by the wind. You can also get to know the unique flora and fauna. The view from the top of the dunes gives a wonderful glimpse of the lagoon and the sea. The Pervalka (Horse’s Point) Lighthouse , reaching 14 m. high and built in 1900 in front of Horse’s Point on the cape of Birštvynas, is the only lighthouse in the country operating on an artificial island. The Sculpture of Ludwig Rhesa is a 7-meter sculpture from solid wood by the artist Eduardas Jonušas. It is located at Skirpstas Dune. Ludwig Rhesa is facing Karvaičiai, his home village now buried by sand, with the words of his poem “drowned village” carved into the sculpture. “Krikštai”–traditionalburialmonuments–marktheplaceof Preila’s Ethnographic Cemetery where former inhabitants are resting in peace at the foot of a dune. Vecekrugas Dune , topped with mountain pines, is the highest point on the Curonian Spit, reaching 67.2 meters. From it, you can see the beautiful sights of the lagoon and the Baltic Sea, as well as the panoramic view of the Curonian Spit widening by Bulvikis horn. Bulvikis horn is the widest stretch of the Curonian Spit, reaching 3.8 km in width. From here, you can see a panoramic view of the lagoon and the opposite shore. There is a place to rest and a tower for bird watching. The Memorial Museum for the Writer Thomas Mann is established in the summer house where he and his family spent three productive summers (1930– 1932). The house has a memorial exhibition dedicated to the author as well as being the home of the Thomas Mann Cultural Center. The living room of the house is also a place where chamber concerts, literature gatherings, seminars and events of the International Thomas Mann Festival take place. The picture-worthy scenery of the lagoon can be taken in at a nearby viewpoint. The Curonian Spit History Museum introduces traditional occupations (fishing, crow hunting) and the history of the area from the Stone Age to current times. Nida’s Evangelical Lutheran Church was built in 1888. The red brick, neo- gothic building was preserved despite being vandalized in soviet times. The fact that it housed Neringa’s history museum in the 1980s played a significant role in preserving the building. In 1988, the church was returned to the Evangelical Lutheran community. Virginija and Kazimieras Mizgiriai Gallery-Museum is a place where visitors are familiarized with the origins, inclusions, color varieties and processing of Baltic amber. The recovered part of Juodrantė’s amber treasure collection is displayed here. Visitors are also allowed to see and purchase unique specimens made by amber artists. A Monument to George David Kuwert is found in a small cemetery where the Nida-Smiltynė road crosses G. D. Kuwert Street. The monument was built in 1864. Kuwert was in charge of planting forests on the dunes to keep the sand from moving further inland and covering Nida. Nida’s Ethnographic Cemetery from the 19 th and 20 th centuries is known for its krikštai - famous wooden Curonian burial monuments which were common on the coast of the Curonian Lagoon. The krikštai were preserved to this day mostly by the initiative of the artist Eduardas Jonušas. In 2009, a Sculpture Commemorating the Life of Vytautas Kernagis – a bard, actor, event organizer, singer and poet – was constructed on the shore of the lagoon. It was sculpted by Romualdas Kvintas. The appearance of weather vanes on sailing boats in the Curonian Lagoon was due to East Prussian fishing regulations. In 1844, the fishing inspector E. Berbomas created a marking system for sailing vessels. Each boat was required to have a symbol specific to its village which sailors soon turned into weather vanes. After a while, fishermen started decorating them with wood carvings and color them using traditional colors. Weather vane expositions are located in Nida along the coast of the lagoon. A Fisherman’s Ethnographic Homestead in Nida introduces its visitors to the daily life of 19 th and 20 th century fishermen on the Curonian Spit. Guests can participate in educational activities. The furniture, dishes and other tools used in fishing and daily life, as well as traditional sailing boats – kurėnai – are on exhibit. Designed by Nida’s local architects Algimantas Zaviša and Ričardas Krištopavičius and built in 2003, Nida’s Roman Catholic Church stands out with its tower of white openwork mounted with a cross and a bell above its traditional straw roof. The church’s cross tower can be seen from anywhere in Nida. Present-day Nida’s Lighthouse is a cylinder-shaped tower made of reinforced concrete, decorated with horizontal red and white lines. It is built in the location of the previous lighthouse. The lighthouse’s height is 29.3 m., and it stands on top of the 52 meter-high Urbas Hill (Dune). The lighthouse’s white beams can be seen from up to 22 nautical miles (about 41 km) away in both the sea and the lagoon. An oak sculpture nearing the height of five meters and depicting “The Armchair of Neringa” was placed in the Valley of Silence in 2014. The sculpture marks the legend of Neringa – a giantess who built the peninsula of the Curonian Spit by pouring sand with her hands. It was sculpted by Albertas Danilevičius. The most visited place on the Curonian Spit is Parnidis Dune and its Sundial- Calendar . The sundial’s gnomon is a 13.8 m. tall obelisk, whose shadow is the dial itself. It is the only place in Lithuania where it is possible to watch the sun rise from the water and set in the sea. Valley of Death is on the southwest side of Parnidis Dune. This valley was the place of a French prisoner of war camp from 1870 to 1872. After some prisoners died from diseases and were buried here, this place was called the Valley of Death. Nida’s Gliding School operated from 1933 to1939. It trained more than 500 glider pilots from various countries. An arch marking the location of the gliding school was constructed in 1978 on the foundations of the former hanger and a memorial stone commemorating Lithuanian and German gliders was revealed in 1998. In the house of Eduardas Jonušas , there is a collection of his artistic heritage. Paintings and other exhibits collected by the artist are available to Neringa’s inhabitants and guests. 20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 18 17 19 21 22 23 24 25 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 26 Nida Culture and Tourism Information Centre “Agila” www.visitneringa.com Enjoy pedaling along the bicycle path and learning about the Curonian Spit! Bicycle route across the Curonian Spit BIKE AND DISCOVER