When cycling or following paths on the bank of the Curonian Lagoon between Nida and Pervalka, one can visit six bird hides, situated in the picturesque horns of the spit (the Horn of Bulvikis, the Horn of Goats, the Horn of Pervalka and the Horn of Horses) as well as in bays (Bulvikis Bay and Karvaičių Bay).
By the seaside: Preila-Pervalka, Juodkrantė – Alksnynė (in August and September, the common sandpiper migrates; in November and March, sea birds can be seen).
By the seaside: Pervalka – Preila (water birds during their nesting and migration times).
The Curonian Spit is a part of one of the most important bird flyways going from the northern Europe to south and back, called the White Sea and the Baltic Sea Migration Flyway. Birdwatching is a popular activity in all the western world among amateurs who spend a lot of time in nature and are interested in its phenomena. One of the areas of birdwatching is identifying migrating birds and determining their number. In order to do so, one needs to know birds very well on a basis of their appearance and sounds. Many flying birds can be recognised only from their voices. Good optical instruments are needed in this case, such as binoculars, telescopes, digital cameras as well as a modern guide, i.e. a special book about birds.
Location to Watch Migration
It is most convenient to watch migration from high hills or dunes, from bird hides or in a completely open space, e.g. by the seaside or in large fields. The Curonian Spit meets all the requirements for birdwatching. Recently, the Parnidis Dune, the highest dune near Nida, has become extremely popular for this. In spring, the first migrating birds reach Lithuania as early as in the beginning of March, while the last migrants come back to their nesting places in the north by the end of May. Even more birds can be seen during the autumn migration, taking place from August through November. During this time, young birds which hatched in summer join the flocks flying to their wintering grounds. The northern and central Europe has only a few places where one can see so many migrating birds as in the Curonian Spit. The narrow spit brings birds close together for their flight over this piece of land and allows birdwatchers to see a great many of them. Here, many types of birds have been spotted, some of which fly to nest even to the Far North or to spend winter in Africa.
Variety of Migrating Birds
During active migration in autumn, one can see up to half a million of birds going southward per day. Tens of thousands of tits, finches, pipits, starlings, Eurasian skylarks, Eurasian siskins, sparrows, true thrushes and common wood pigeons are constantly monitored during the migration. Every day, up to one thousand birds of pray can be counted. Flocks of geese, ducks and swans are leaving. In early spring, typical migrants in daytime are cranes, lapwings, curlews, buzzards and small songbirds. Birdwatchers are always pleasantly surprised by rare species. The Curonian Spit is the place where one can see even such scarce birds as the peregrine falcon, the red-footed falcon, the red kite or the rosy starling.