After climbing the Parnidis dune on the southern side of the village of Nida, you will visit the white dunes habitat. It is the only place in the Curonian Spit National Park where the chain of floating dunes has survived to this day. To the south of the Parnidis dune there is a view of the floating dunes in the Grobštas nature reserve, and with good visibility, you can also see the sand dunes in the part of the Russian Federation. Scientists estimate that due to the prevailing westerly winds, these traveling dunes move from 0.5 to 10 m per year. to the east. Sand is a light and loose rock that is carried by the wind and travels long distances. The dunes move as the sand grows from the headwind slope to the headwind. The wind-rolled sand travels in the spit in rubble-sand furrows until it gets stuck behind the plant. In places where no one visits, the surface of the dunes resembles the seabed. These puffy dunes, also called white dunes, give a light shade to the sand dunes of the spit, which is 85 to 99 percent here.
Large bell plants grow in the areas of sand: sandy sandend, sandy ryegrass, sandy larch. Thanks to their strong rhizomes, these plants are able to grow in the volatile sand of the seaside and trap wind-blown sand, dispersing the gusts of wind through the leaves. Therefore, the shelter created by these strong bell plants can also be inhabited by more delicate plants - umbrella hawk, white fox, white flaxseed, sea pea.
Protecting the highly sensitive and vulnerable habitat of white dunes regulates the flow of visitors, separates certain areas that are strictly forbidden to visit. We kindly remind you that you cannot climb and descend on the eastern slopes of Parnidis dune.
Photo by Rytis Šeškaitis